The US Air Force Office of Scientific Research recently awarded a four-year, $1.4 million grant to Physics professor Alex Demkov, with collaborators John Ekerdt (UT Austin) and David Smith (Arizona State University). The grant provides funding to establish the fundamental scientific framework required for development of a revolutionary class of oxide heterostructures capable of harnessing the functionality of two-dimensional electron gas under extreme thermomechanical conditions. These structures most likely will be used as various sensors to detect heat, strain, and electromagnetic fields. The team consists of a materials physicist, a materials chemist and an electron microscopist. The multidisciplinary structure of the team is the key element to the team’s approach at developing these new oxide heterostructures.